Home
 »  Education Center
 »  Skin Glossary
Education Center

Skin Cells

Keratinocytes: Ninety-five percent of the epidermis is composed of keratinocytes. The major function of these cells is the production of keratin, a tough protein that helps protect the skin from UV light, heat, and water loss.

Melanocytes: Melanocytes are cells that produce melanin, the skin’s pigment. Melanocytes are located in the basal layer of the epidermis.

Langerhans cells: Langerhans cells are a type of dendritic cell. Dendritic cells are immune cells that process foreign materials, called antigens, and present the antigens to other immune system cells. Langerhans cells are found in the stratum spinosum of the epidermis, where they act as part of the skin’s defense against infection.

Adipocytes: Adipocytes are fat-storing cells, not specialized skin cells. However, adipocytes are an important component of the subcutaneous layer. They insulate the body from cold, help absorb trauma to the skin and cushion deeper tissues, and act as storage vessels for the body’s reserve fuel.

Proteins

Collagen: Collagen is a protein that is the principal constituent of white fibrous connective tissue. Collagen is an integral component of skin, as well as an important protein in tendons, bone, cartilage, and ligaments. Collagen helps hold the skin together and gives the skin its firmness and elasticity. Certain cosmetic laser treatments are intended to stimulate collagen production, and collagen injections may be used to rejuvenate sagging or wrinkled skin.

Elastin: As its name suggests, elastin helps give skin its elasticity. Elastin is a protein found in skin and other connective tissue that allows tissues to resume their shape after stretching or contracting. Elastin begins to degrade with age. Avoiding skin-damaging factors like cigarette smoke, stress, and UV light can help prevent premature skin aging and elastin breakdown.

Keratin: Keratin is a tough, insoluble fibrous protein that forms hair and nails. Keratin is also a major component of the stratum corneum, the top layer of the epidermis. Keratin gives skin its strength, waterproofs the skin surface, and helps protect the skin against heat and UV light.


RSS
 
This locator will help you to find specialists for scars in your area
 
Postal or Zip Code
 
Natural Therapies
By healthystuff

Posted: Oct 15, 2014
Castor oil uses for skin treatment especially for scar removal. This oil is very effective in eliminating any scar tissues in your skin. It is highly natural and no side effects. Moreover, it can ...

more more Forums Create a Topic
 
Dr. Ronald Moy

Dr. Ronald L. Moy:

Protecting Skin from Sun
  more
  more Heroes
  nominate a Hero
  Hero policy
Home | About Us | Press | Make a Suggestion | Content Syndication | Terms of Service | Editorial Policy | Privacy Policy
Last updated: Oct 25, 2014  ©1999- 2014 Body1 All rights reserved.